The most common carbogels in the market are hypertonic, very high in carbohydrates.

"Hypertonic solutions have higher osmotic pressure. This means that a cell surrounded by a hypertonic solution will have a lower concentration of solute than the solution does, forcing water to diffuse out of the cell. This causes the cell to shrink."

If we consider the bowel, where sugars are absorbed, we understand that if we ingest an hypertonic gel it recalls water from the extracellular liquid and blood from the muscles.

To resolve the problem needs to drink water, simple water, after the ingestion of the gel, not mineral salts solutions or others kind of drinks.

Another choice could be select isotonic gels, but this will be explained next week.

Dott.ssa Annalisa Faè R&D ProAction